Green Volt Floating Offshore Windfarm
Delivering renewable energy by 2029
Powering towards net zero
Together the partners, Flotation Energy and Vårgrønn will generate renewable energy from new floating offshore wind farms which will enable the electrification and decarbonisation of participating offshore oil and gas installations in the North Sea. Excess power will transfer to the UK Grid to the benefit of UK consumers.
The partners applied for the lease through Crown Estate Scotland’s Innovation and Targeted Oil and Gas (INTOG) round and were offered site exclusivity in March 2023. Through INTOG, Green Volt will make a significant contribution to Scotland’s net zero target and support The North Sea Transition Deal’s goal of reducing offshore emissions by a minimum of 50% by 2030.
The global floating offshore wind market is poised for significant growth. This fast-tracked project will cement Scotland’s position as the world leader in floating offshore wind and provide significant potential to export Scottish know-how and expertise worldwide by catalysing the early development of a local supply chain.
With a minimum nominal capacity of 300 MW and potential to reach 560 MW, once operational in 2029 – Green Volt will make a significant contribution towards:
- Scotland’s 2045 net zero target
- Reducing offshore emissions by 50% – a North Sea Transition Deal goal
- The UK’s target of 5 GW of floating wind by 2030
- Catalysing a Scottish and UK supply chain for floating offshore wind
- Providing power to the UK Grid
tonnes of CO2, each year
floating wind turbines.
renewable power annually
to the UK Grid
About the partners
Flotation Energy has a growing project pipeline of offshore wind projects with more than 13 GW in the UK, Ireland, Taiwan, Japan and Australia; and plans to expand into many more key markets.
The expertise of the Flotation Energy team lies in the project and engineering management of large infrastructure projects.
Flotation Energy has developed its own projects but also recognises the benefits of collaboration and working in partnership with other developers to deliver proven, cost-effective solutions.
Vårgrønn is an agile, Norway-based offshore wind company powering the energy transition through development, construction, operation, and ownership of offshore wind projects and related infrastructure. Vårgrønn is a joint venture between the energy company Plenitude (Eni) and the Norwegian energy entrepreneur and investor HitecVision.
Vårgrønn’s current pipeline of projects and prospective projects spans England, Scotland, Ireland and Norway in addition to early-stage initiatives in the Baltics. Vårgrønn holds a 20% share in Dogger Bank, the world’s largest windfarm under construction.
By 2030, Vårgrønn targets at least 5 GW of offshore wind in operation or sanctioned across Northern Europe.
Timeline for the project:
Flotation Energy was early to recognise the opportunity for floating offshore wind to decarbonise offshore power generation, with members of the team having previously been involved in the Beatrice Demonstrator – the first project to power an oil and gas platform with renewable energy.
Green Volt will allow the full retirement of existing offshore power generators and use a grid-connected wind farm to deliver reliable, renewable electricity, significantly reducing the carbon emissions of the platform’s power demand – by more than 80%.
This is great news for our planet resulting in a move away from the dependency upon gas-fired or diesel power generation systems which are fuel-hungry and carbon-intensive. Project Green Volt expected to become one of the world’s largest wind farms by 2029, and promises to be a landmark opportunity for Scotland and for Scotland’s economy.
About the project
The Flotation Energy team has experience in delivering floating wind farms, having delivered Kincardine – the world’s largest grid connected and operational floating offshore wind farm at the time. Kincardine is located in the vicinity of the Fowlsheugh seabird colony; making us experienced in assessing and managing potential environmental impacts from floating wind farms in sensitive locations. We have successfully worked with regulators and their environmental advisers through development consent processes.
In addition to our floating wind experience, we also have experience in electrifying oil and gas platforms with offshore wind. The Flotation Energy team members were involved in the electrification of the Beatrice oil platform in 1999, which to date is the only fully electrified oil and gas asset in the North Sea. The Beatrice Demonstrator project in 2005/6 included two wind turbines being integrated into the Beatrice platform electrical system.
In order for the project to be granted permission for construction, installation and operation, both offshore and onshore consent applications are required.
As the project proposes a greater than 1 MW offshore generating station it requires consent under the Electricity Act 1989 (as amended) and marine licences under the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (beyond 12 nautical miles) and the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 (within 12 nautical miles).
The onshore infrastructure (buried cable and new substation) planning application will be considered by Aberdeenshire Council as a national development project under National Planning Framework 4 (NPF4) (2023).
We have now been submitted both the offshore and onshore Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports, which support the consent applications. The offshore consent application (for section 36 of the Electricity Act and the marine licences) was submitted to the Scottish Government Marine Directorate on 20 January 2023, and the onshore application to Aberdeenshire Council on 03 August 2023. A range of studies and surveys have been conducted to inform project design and application process. Consultation with the public and key stakeholders have also informed the project and fed into the consenting process.
We’re carrying out lots of our own technical and environmental assessments but people living near to our projects have local knowledge we would really value.
Early consultation with local communities and consultees is a key part of this process, so that feedback on potential social and environmental impacts, opportunities and potential mitigation measures can be considered in advance of an application being made.
Between 20 September and 20 October 2022 we sought views to inform our offshore consent application. Between 23 January 2023 and 30 March 2023 we sought views to inform our onshore consent application. These rounds of consultation represented the first opportunity for local communities and other stakeholders to share their views on the offshore and onshore aspects of our project.
Environmental surveys were conducted between 2020 and 2022 both onshore and offshore to inform the project design and EIA processes. These investigated shipping activity, seabed habitats and ecology, offshore ornithology, terrestrial ecology, onshore ground conditions, land use and a host of other aspects of the environment in which the project is situated.
In 2024 the final engineering and technical surveys will be completed offshore.
Scoping is the process of identifying the key issues in relation to potential environmental effects of the project and is also an opportunity to canvass the views of the local community and key stakeholders. Scoping allows the identification of potential issues at an early stage so that appropriate mitigation measures can be planned as soon as possible into the development. In addition, scoping ensures that Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is proportionate to the key issues identified for the project.
An offshore scoping report was submitted to Marine Scotland for their opinion in November 2021 as part of the EIA process. The scoping report presents the full details of the nature and purpose of the project and its possible effects on the environment and is available on the Marine Directorate’s website – https://marine.gov.scot/data/scoping-request-green-volt-floating-offshore-wind-farm-east-aberdeenshire-coast
A separate onshore scoping report was submitted to Aberdeenshire Council in March 2022.
The project is a major contributor towards the goals of the North Sea Transition Deal, signed by HM Government and the UK oil and gas industry in 2021. The Transition Deal mandates reductions in emissions from oil and gas production that can only be achieved by using low carbon electricity to power offshore facilities.
The climate emergency must be dealt with. The Green Volt project has the potential to contribute to the Net Zero targets and to play a role in decarbonisation of the UK economy.
The location of the project in the vicinity of oil and gas fields and associated infrastructure presents a unique opportunity.
Green Volt is deliverable now and it is essential if Scotland is to be successful in delivering Net Zero.
News and Updates
Flotation Energy is an independent, Scottish offshore wind developer. We are committed to the development of a local supply chain and the importance of a Just Transition for the UK energy sector workforce.
Green Volt are currently seeking ways to maximise UK participation in this project, which promises to be the world’s largest floating offshore wind farm by 2029.
We believe Green Volt will act as the catalyst for a broad industrial supply base to develop ahead of larger, future developments as part of Scotwind and other projects. Our project will help develop and secure long-term investment and job growth in Scotland. We have already started supply chain engagement in Scotland and will build on this substantially throughout 2022 and 2023.