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Green Volt floating offshore windfarm will help decarbonise oil and gas platforms by powering them with renewable energy.

Our fast-track project that will cement Scotland’s position as world leader in floating offshore wind with the potential to export Scottish know-how and expertise worldwide. With a minimum nominal capacity of 300MW and potential to reach 500MW, when operational in 2027 it will make a significant contribution to the UK Net Zero Challenge.

Green Volt will make a significant contribution towards:

  • Scotland’s 2045 net zero target
  • The North Sea Transition Deal goal to reduce offshore emissions by a minimum of 50% by 2030.

up to
300 MW
minimum nominal capacity

Offsets at least
tonnes of CO2, each year

floating wind turbines.

Timeline for the project:

Flotation Energy was early to recognise the opportunity for floating offshore wind to decarbonise offshore power generation, with members of the team having previously been involved in the Beatrice Demonstrator – the first project to power an oil and gas platform with renewable energy. 

2019 - As construction of the Kindardine offshore floating wind farm kicks off, Flotation Energy identifies the Buzzard oil facility (a relatively new oil and gas platform with a long field life and high electrical load) as the optimal starting point for a significant contribution to the North Sea Transition Deal - the process of replacing large scale, inefficient gas-fired power generation with renewable electricity from offshore wind.

2020 – Flotation Energy begins environmental surveys on the Ettrick/Blackbird oil field, a redundant site nearby Buzzard, which is in the process of decommissioning. The “brownfield” site is confirmed as an exceptional opportunity to create an offshore floating wind farm, with water depths of 90-100m and high quality wind resource.

2021 – Flotation Energy works with regulators to understand the potential for project “Green Volt” to decarbonise offshore power generation for Buzzard. Flotation Energy completes and submits an Environmental Scoping report to Marine Scotland, reaching the first major milestone in the Marine Consent process. Crown Estate Scotland announces a new leasing round for Innovation and Targeted Oil and Gas Decarbonisation (INTOG).
Project Green Volt will participate in the INTOG leasing round and will complete Environmental Impact Assessment submissions to Marine Scotland and Aberdeenshire Council. A number of Stakeholder workshops and events will be held throughout the year to ensure Project Green Volt takes into account perspectives from the public, industry, supply chain and regulators. Stakeholder engagement will also extend to the wider Outer Moray Firth platforms in order to increase the decarbonisation potential offered by Project Green Volt
With the Environmental Impact Assessment report being reviewed by the regulators and consultees over the course of the year, Project Green Volt will develop detailed engineering designs and engage the supply chain for effective solutions to enable installation of this pioneering project. This pre-FID (Final Investment Decision) phase will be highly influential with early works agreements and tendering activities being completed with focus on longer-lead work packages. In addition, final engineering and technical surveys will be completed offshore.
A sequence of significant funding and investment milestones will be met, initially with the INTOG Option Agreement stage, followed by the Contracts for Differences scheme application to support low carbon electricity generation. In tandem with this the remaining work packages will be commercially defined in the lead-up to the Final Investment Decision at the end of the year.
Benefitting from the advance engineering and commercial strategy employed, contracts will be executed to deliver a range of manufacturing and final engineering activities. This phase will conclude with serial manufacture and assembly of floating wind turbine packages that maximises use of Scottish infrastructure along with supply-chain capabilities.
A commissioning program to install the floating wind turbines and associated transmission facilities will be executed over the course of the year to deliver Project Green Volt. Subsequently oil and gas assets will be able to access renewable electricity, replacing power generated by offshore gas fired power generation, in addition to exporting surplus electricity to the UK grid. Taken together, the project mitigates emissions equivalent to over 500,000 tonnes of CO2 each year.

Green Volt will allow the full retirement of existing offshore power generators and use a grid-connected wind farm to deliver reliable, renewable electricity, significantly reducing the carbon emissions of the platform’s power demand – by more than 80%.

This is great news for our planet resulting in a move away from the dependency upon gas-fired or diesel power generation systems which are fuel-hungry and carbon-intensive. Project Green Volt expects to be the world’s biggest offshore floating wind farm by 2027, and promises to be a landmark opportunity for Scotland and for Scotland’s economy.

About the Project

Our History

The Flotation Energy team has experience in delivering floating wind farms, having delivered Kincardine – the world’s largest grid connected and operational floating offshore wind farm at the time. Kincardine is located in the vicinity of the Fowlsheugh seabird colony; making us experienced in assessing and managing potential environmental impacts from floating wind farms in sensitive locations. We have successfully worked with regulators and their environmental advisers through development consent processes.

In addition to our floating wind experience, we also have experience in electrifying oil and gas platforms with offshore wind. The Flotation Energy team members were involved in the electrification of the Beatrice oil platform in 1999, which to date is the only fully electrified oil and gas asset in the North Sea. The Beatrice Demonstrator project in 2005/6 included two wind turbines being integrated into the Beatrice platform electrical system.

Delivering Net Zero

The project is a major contributor towards the goals of the North Sea Transition Deal, signed by HM Government and the UK oil and gas industry in 2021. The Transition Deal mandates reductions in emissions from oil and gas production that can only be achieved by using low carbon electricity to power offshore facilities.

The climate emergency must be dealt with. The Green Volt project has the potential to contribute to the Net Zero targets and to play a role in decarbonisation of the UK economy.

The location of the project in the vicinity of oil and gas fields and associated infrastructure presents a unique opportunity.

Green Volt is deliverable now and it is essential if Scotland is to be successful in delivering Net Zero.

Planning and Consent

In order for the project to be granted permission for construction, installation and operation, both offshore and onshore consent applications are required.

As the project proposes a greater than 1 MW offshore generating station it requires consent under the Electricity Act 1989 (as amended) and marine licences under the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (beyond 12 nautical miles) and the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 (within 12 nautical miles).

The onshore infrastructure (buried cable and new substation) planning application will be considered by Aberdeenshire Council as a national development project under National Planning Framework 3 (NPF3) (2014).

We are in the process of producing both offshore and onshore applications for consent, including Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports. A range of studies and surveys will inform project design and the application process. Consultation with the general public and key stakeholders will also inform the project and feed into the consenting process.


Environmental surveys are planned for 2022 both onshore and offshore to inform the project design and EIA processes. These will investigate shipping activity, seabed habitats and ecology, terrestrial ecology, onshore ground conditions, land use and a host of other aspects of the environment in which the project is situated.

In 2023 the final engineering and technical surveys will be completed offshore.

Scoping Report

Scoping is the process of identifying the key issues in relation to potential environmental effects of the project and is also an opportunity to canvass the views of the local community and key stakeholders. Scoping allows the identification of potential issues at an early stage so that appropriate mitigation measures can be planned as soon as possible into the development. In addition, scoping ensures that Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is proportionate to the key issues identified for the project.

An offshore scoping report was submitted to Marine Scotland for their opinion in November 2021 as part of the EIA process. The scoping report presents the full details of the nature and purpose of the project and its possible effects on the environment and is available on the Marine Scotland website –

A separate onshore scoping report was submitted to Aberdeenshire Council in March 2022.

Consultation Process

Pre-application Consultation (PAC) is being undertaken for Green Volt between 20 September and 20 October 2022 which will inform our Marine Licence Application.

The pre-application consultation event will be held virtually, in accordance with The Marine Works and Marine Licensing (Miscellaneous Temporary Modifications) (Coronavirus) (Scotland) Regulations 2020. To join the event, please follow the link provided where you will be invited to share your views.

Two live question and answer sessions were held on 20th September, from 1-2pm and 6-7pm.

News and Updates


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Supply chain

Flotation Energy is an independent, Scottish offshore wind developer. We are committed to the development of a local supply chain and the importance of a Just Transition for the UK energy sector workforce.

Green Volt are currently seeking ways to maximise UK participation in this project, which promises to be the world’s largest floating offshore wind farm by 2027.

We believe Green Volt will act as the catalyst for a broad industrial supply base to develop ahead of larger, future developments as part of Scotwind and other projects. Our project will help develop and secure long-term investment and job growth in Scotland. We have already started supply chain engagement in Scotland and will build on this substantially throughout 2022 and 2023.